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الموضوع: Back translation technique

  1. #1
    ماجستير مناهج وطرق تدريس لغة إنجليزية الصورة الرمزية مجاهد محمد
    تاريخ التسجيل
    09/10/2006
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    افتراضي Back translation technique

    لتوضيح مفهوم back translation :
    What is Back Translation?
    Back Translation is the process of translating a document that has already been translated into a foreign language back to the original language - preferably by an independent translator
    Translation of raw data such as focus group transcripts back into the language of a client from the language of the consumers is common in market research in Asia. In fact translation remains one of the costliest parts of a market research project. This is because it is an area where costly errors can be built in - in research stages where checks and balances are limited.
    The nuances of translation are far-ranging. A literal word in one language, for example, may have no *Banned**Banned**Banned**Banned**Banned*alent in another language, or could have a completely different "meaning" or effect in the translated language. This is why translation is an art rather than a science. No translation can be expected to convey perfectly the "meaning" of what consumers meant to convey in their own language. Hence the need for accredited translators who can translate verbatim. All the good work of a focus group moderator in not "interpreting" verbatim comments can be wiped out by a careless translator.
    Back translation can improve the reliability and validity of research in different languages by requiring that the quality of a translation is verified by an independent translator translating back into the original language. Original and back translated documents can then be compared.
    Due to its high cost, back translation is not overly common, but in very high risk - high return situations is well worth the investment.

    من يعرف أسلوب من أساليب الترجمة يعرفنة به نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي


  2. #2
    عـضــو
    تاريخ التسجيل
    19/04/2007
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    662
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    افتراضي

    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

    I think the translated text into Arabic, for instance, shouldn't follow the English pattern (and vise versa), like word for word. That's because word for word translation is not translation. It is transliteration. The translation should flow and be natural. It should speak the language of the intended readers. The target audience should not even be able to back-translate, of which I think it will be the case if one is to follow this technique
    A good translator doesn't just rush into his source text and start translating, rather he should have an overview of the source text, and he does this only by browsing over the text . This gives him an idea of what the source text is all about. Then he can do the inside-view, and that's when he goes through the whole material, reading it thoroughly and marking the difficult areas that will need more research. After research then he crystalizes the information into his mind. He asks questions like.....How can I put this expression in a simple, natural and clear language that target audience would understand? He can start translating after having a full understanding of the source text, and he is always keeping his audience in mind


    مع خالص تحياتي وتقديري


  3. #3
    عـضــو الصورة الرمزية هدى علي عبدالله
    تاريخ التسجيل
    05/07/2008
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    افتراضي

    السلام عليكم

    موضوع مفيد جدا أخي مجاهد محمد

    وإضافة جميلة أختي أسماء محمد حسن

    شكرا لكما

    احترامي
    هدى


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